Xanax is a schedule IV drug also known as Alprazolam.
It is used to treat disorders like panic attacks, anxiety disorders, nervousness, tension, depression, etc. It belongs to the drug class Benzodiazepine, and has properties like hypnotic, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, sedative, and muscle relaxant. Side effects may occur due to higher dosage. The side effects are: swelling on body parts like lips, tongue, throat, face, etc.; difficulty in breathing; hives etc., and needs medical attention immediately. Some other side effects like jaundice, yellowing of skin or eyes may occur in severe conditions.
Xanax should not be used during pregnancy or lactation as it may lead to some congenital disorders in the newborn. If it is needed, other drugs of class Benzodiazepine can be used in its substitution.
Some studies show that Xanax loses its effectiveness after regular usage for a few weeks as the body develops tolerance against it. So it is advisable for doctors to prescribe Xanax for 2-3 weeks only to prevent withdrawal effects. Due to the development of resistance for it in the body, people take more and more of it to make it effective, which turns into an addiction of it. The reason behind the property of this drug being addictive is that it has a very short life i.e. the time in which half of the drug leaves the body. The half life of it is just six hours. So in just another six hours of intake of the drug, the next dosage is needed to keep the suffering patient in normal condition, or else the patient will regain the disorder. This increases the need of more and more intake, and leads to addiction. Excess dosage may lead to side effects.
In the US, according to a survey the maximum people having a Xanax addiction are those who have a past history of alcohol or drug abuse, personality disorder, or any other emotional disorder. It has been seen across the country that Xanax addicted people generally mix it with other things like alcohol, heroin, and other drugs, and this may also lead to death.
It has been observed that people having emotional disorders like anxiety for which they were prescribed Xanax, develop worse conditions of that disease when they get addicted to it. To control their disease, they take alcohol or any other drug with their dosage of Xanax.
Alprazolam (al pray’ zoe lam)
U.S. National Library of Medicine
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